Wersja z 2015-06-19

Podział systematyczny zwierząt

Różne podziały systematyczne ssaków

Nowa systematyka   Stara systematyka
†bazalne Mammaliaformes †Adelobasileus, †Fruitafossor, †Sinoconodon, †Tricuspes ? Prototheria
†Morganucodonta   †Docodonta
†Docodonta   †Docodonta
†Hadrocodium sp.   ? ?
†Chronoperatidae †Chronoperates sp. ? ?
†Kuehneotheria †Kuehneotheriidae, †Woutersiidae †Symmetrodonta †Trituberculata
Mammalia Yinotheria   †Shuotheriidae Monotremata Prototheria
Australosphenida †Henospheridae, †Ausktribosphenidae, Monotremata
†bazalne Mammalia   †Gobiconodonta, †Amphilestidae, †Eutriconodonta, †Tinodontidae †Triconodonta
†Amphidontidae †Symmetrodonta †Trituberculata
†Allotheria   †Haramiyida, †Gondwanatheria, †Multituberculata Allotheria Prototheria
Trechnotheria †Spalacotheriida †Spalacotheriidae, †Zhangheotheriidae †Symmetrodonta †Trituberculata
†Dryolestoidea †Dryolestida, †Paurodontidae, †Amphitheriida, †Barbereniidae, †Brandonia sp., †Meridiolestida †Pantotheria †Trituberculata
†Arguitheriidae  
†Arguimuridae  
†Vincelestidae †Vincelestes sp.
†Peramura  
†Necrolestidae  
†Aegialodontia †Aegialodon sp., †Kielantherium sp.
†Holoclemensiidae †Holoclemensia sp.
†inne bazalne Theria †Pappotheriidae, †Kermackiidae, †Picopsidae, †Potamotelsidae, †Plicatodontidae
Metatheria †bazalne Metatheria †Adinodon sp., †Camptomus sp., †Iqualadelphis sp., †Sinodelphys sp., †Stagodontidae ? ?
†Deltatheroida †Deltatheridium sp.    
†Asiadelphia   Marsupialia Metatheria
†Herpetotheriidae  
†Sparassodonta †Mayulestidae, †Hondadelphidae, †Hathliacynidae, †Borhyaenidae, †Proborhyaenidae, †Thylacosmilidae
†Polydolopimorpha †Polydolops sp.
Marsupialia Ameridelphia Didelphimorphia, Paucituberculata
Australidelphia Microbiotheria, Dasyuromorphia, Peramelemorphia, Notoryctemorphia, †Yalkaparidontia, Diprotodontia
Eutheria †inne Eutheria †Acristatherium sp., †Adapisoriculidae sp., †Asioryctitheria, †Bobolestes sp., †Deltatherium sp., †Didymoconidae, †Endotheriidae, †Eomaia sp. (?), †Juramaia sp., †Montanalestes sp., †Murtoilestes sp., †Prokennalestes sp., †Zalambdalestidae, †Zhelestidae   Placentalia Eutheria
†Leptictida †Kennalestes sp., †Leptictis sp., †Leptictidium sp.  
†Cimolesta †Didelphodonta    
†Apatotheria †Jepsenella sp., †Labidolemur sp., †Unuchinia sp.  
†Ernanodonta    
†Pantodonta    
†Pantolesta    
†Cimolestidae †Cimolestes sp., †Maelestes sp., †Alveugena sp., †Procerberus sp.  
†Palaeoryctidae   Insectivora
†Palaeanodonta   Edentata
†Taeniodonta   †Taeniodonta
†Tillodonta   †Tillodonta
Placentalia Xenarthra Cingulata Edentata
Pilosa
Afrotheria †Bibymalagasia †Plesiorycteropus sp. ?
†Afredentata †Eurotamandua sp., †Eomanis sp. (?) ?
Afrosoricida Tenrecidae, Chrysochloridae Insectivora
Macroscelidea Insectivora
†Ptolemaiida †Ptolemaia sp.,
†Qarunavus sp.,
†Cleopatrodon sp.
?
Tubulidentata Tubulidentata
Hyracoidea Hyracoidea
†Embrithopoda †Embrithopoda
Sirenia Sirenia
Proboscidea Proboscidea
Euarchontoglires †Anagaloidea ?
†Arctostylopida †Notoungulata
†Mixodontia Rodentia
Rodentia
†Mimotonida Lagomorpha
Lagomorpha
†Adapisoriculida Insectivora
†Plagiomenida ?
Scandentia Insectivora
Dermoptera Dermoptera
†Plesiadapiformes Primates
Primates
Laurasiatheria Eulipotyphla Erinaceomorpha Insectivora
Soricomorpha
Chiroptera Chiroptera
†Condylarthra †Arctocyonidae, †Periptychidae, †Hyopsodontidae, †Meniscotheriidae, †Mioclaenidae, †Phenacodontidae, †Didolodontidae, †Sparnotheriodontidae †Condylarthra
†Dinocerata †Dinocerata
†Arctocyonida  
†Mesonychia  
Artiodactyla Artiodactyla
Cetacea Cetacea
†Pyrotheria †Pyrotheria
†Xenungulata †Xenungulata
†Astrapotheria †Astrapotheria
†Litopterna †Litopterna
†Notoungulata †Notoungulata
†Desmostylia †Desmostylia
Perissodactyla Perissodactyla
Pholidota Pholidota
†Creodonta †Hyaenodontidae, †Oxyaenidae, †Limnocyonidae †Creodonta
Carnivora Carnivora
Pinnipedia

Inne proponowane klady ssaków łożyskowych:

Xenarthra Cingulata      
Pilosa      
Afrotheria †Bibymalagasia   Afroinsectifilia  
†Afredentata    
Afrosoricida    
Macroscelidea    
†Ptolemaiida   Pseudoungulata
Tubulidentata  
Hyracoidea   Paenungulata
†Embrithopoda  
Sirenia Tethytheria
Proboscidea
Boreoeutheria Euarchontoglires †Anagaloidea     Gliriformes
†Arctostylopida    
†Mixodontia Simplicidentata Glires
Rodentia
†Mimotonida Duplicidentata
Lagomorpha
†Adapisoriculida     Euarchonta
†Plagiomenida †Plagiomenida Sundatheria
Scandentia Scandentia
Dermoptera Primatomorpha
†Plesiadapiformes Primates
Primates
Laurasiatheria Eulipotyphla   Eulipotyphla Eulipotyphla
Chiroptera   Chiroptera Scrotifera
†Condylarthra   Euungulata
†Dinocerata  
†Arctocyonida Paraxonia
†Mesonychia
Artiodactyla Cetartiodactyla
Cetacea
†Phenacodontida Mesaxonia
†Anthracobunida
†Pyrotheria
†Xenungulata
†Astrapotheria
†Litopterna
†Notoungulata
†Desmostylia1
Perissodactyla
Pholidota Ferae
†Creodonta
Carnivora

1. Wcześniej zaliczane do Afrotheria / Tethytheria, ostatnio zbliżane do Perissidactyla

Rzadziej lub dawniej wyróżniane klady:

  1. Epitheria = Afrotheria + Boreoeutheria (wszystkie Placentalia bez Xenarthra)
  2. Exafroplacentalia = Notolegia = Xenarthra + Boreoeutheria
  3. Atlantogenata = Xenarthra + Afrotheria
  4. Altungulata = Pantomesaxonia = Paenungulata + †Litopterna + Perissodactyla
  5. Ungulata = Tubulidentata + Paenungulata + †Condylarthra + Artiodactyla + Cetacea + †Litopterna + Perissodactyla
  6. †Meridiungulata = †Pyrotheria + †Xenungulata + †Astrapotheria + †Litopterna + †Notoungulata
  7. Archonta = Scandentia + Dermoptera + †Plesiadapiformes + Primates + Chiroptera
  8. Anagalida = Macroscelidea + Glires
  9. Preptotheria = Epitheria w zakresie wyżej podanym + Cimolesta, wówczas Epitheria obejmują wszystkie Preptotheria oraz Leptictida
  10. Ferungulata = Ungulata + Ferae
  11. Fereuungulata = Euungulata + Ferae
  12. Ostentoria = Ferae
  13. Zooamata = Perissodactyla + Ferae
  14. Pegasoferae = Chiroptera + Perissodactyla + Ferae


Część poprzedniaWstęp do artykułuInne artykuły z dziedziny biologiiStrona główna witryny